Wednesday , June 23 2021
What is Migraine

What is Migraine | Migraine Types, Causes & Treatment

Migraine is a neurological disease with a bad headache. It starts from any one side of the head. and spread everywhere on over the head feelings of pain may form behind the eyes. This interrupts the normal blood flow to the brain. Excessive noise, light is also responsible for the migraine.

However, it may be hereditary or unknown. It is less common in men.

1 in 7 people in the world suffers from migraines.3rd most prevalent illness in the world is migraines. Migraine problems are most common between the ages of 18 and 44.

About 14.7 % of the world’s elderly suffer from migraines. In addition, recurring migraines affect 18% of American women, 6% of men, and 10% of children experience migraines. This means you’ll find someone with migraine headaches in one out of every four US families.

Type of Migraine

There are many kinds of migraines. But there are two major categories of migraine seen most often are :

Migraine without aura (Common Migraine)

About 70-90% of people with migraine experience this type. Migraines without aura are much more common than any other type. You can get them about a few times a week or less than once a year.
Common symptoms of ‘migraine without aura’:

  • You may become sensitive to sound (phonophobia) and/or light (photophobia)
  • Migraines without aura are associated with nausea, vomiting, or both.
  • During this type of migraine, you will feel sick and may have diarrhea.
  • Headaches usually have throbbing or throbbing pain on one side of the head that affects your normal daily life and gets worse when you do daily exercises such as walking or walking upstairs.
Migraine with Aura (Complicated Migraine)

Usually,10 to 30 minutes before an attack with migraine with aura, a person might have these symptoms:

  •  Having confusing thoughts
  •  Having difficulty speaking
  •  Seeing blind spots, flashing lights, wavy lines, or zigzag lines
  •  Tingling in the face or hands
  •  Disturbed sense of smell, taste
  •  Feeling “pins-and-needles” in arm, leg
  •  Unable to see part of something clearly
  •  Feeling mentally “Fuzzy”   

Only one in five people have migraine experience with aura. Men have this form of migraine more than women.

Other Types of Migraine 


Chronic Migraine

This defined as a headache for at least 15 days per month. With migraine symptoms there is a headache for at least 8 days, lasting more than 3 months. Gradually the headache changes into a more frequent type of headache.

Some people get to see that they have defined triggers such as caffeine, hormones, food or sleep deprivation, bright light, etc.

Chronic migraine in the United States, affecting 3 to 5 percent.


Menstrual Migraine

About 60% of women with migraines have a type of headache called menstrual migraine. Just before your period, your body loses the amount of two female hormones, estrogen and progesterone. This drastic change can start a headache with dizziness.

Menstrual migraines are related to estrogen levels. Migraines probably start two days before the period and last for the first three days of the period.

Symptoms of Menstrual migraines are similar to migraines without aura. It begins as a one-sided, throbbing headache accompanied by nausea, vomiting, sensitivity to bright lights, and noise.

Vestibular Migraine

The main symptoms of Vestibular Migraine are dizziness, vertigo, and trouble with balance. This headache might last for just a few seconds or even for a few days.

Migraine Without Headache

Without Headache, migraine has no actual headache pain and each symptom can last 1 hour or less.

Abdominal Migraine

According to The Migraine Trust, Abdominal migraine is more common in children than adults—though 2/3 of them find themselves developing migraine headaches as adolescents.

In abdominal migraines, you can feel nauseous or no appetite, vomiting, and can make you look pale. Also, cause pain near the belly button.

Status migrainosus

Status migrainosus is basically a migraine without aura or with aura, which is lasting for a maximum of 72 hours.

Causes of Migraine

The Most Reason for Migraine Headache Include:

  •  Eating too much chocolate, Coffee, Cheese
  •  Taking Birth Control Pills
  •  Anxiety
  •  Excessive Travel
  •  Exercise, Insomnia
  •  Watching TV for a long time
  •  Talking on Mobile, Working on the Computer for a long time, etc
  •  Anxiety, Stress, Constipation, Too Bright Light Aaggravate the Disease

Excessive headaches are commonly known as migraines, Migraine headache can often be severe and can lead to nausea and vomiting. Symptoms such as loss of concentration, nausea, etc. may occur even before the onset of headaches.

Also, The Following Can Cause Migraines

Hereditary: Like several different diseases, it is often caused by an inherited disease or another cause. a minimum of 34-51 % of cases have a genetic result and increase the danger of migraines.

Anxiety and Restlessness: “Tension” could be a quite common issue for migraines. those who suffer from anxiety for varied reasons are a lot of possibility of migraines. Even high pressure, depression, insomnia, etc. are the causes of migraines.

Hormonal Effects: Usually, it affects women a lot. Researchers say that there are certain sex hormones related to headaches. Migraine problems are more common in women due to irregular menstruation. On the other hand, taking excessive birth control pills to have a higher rate of migraines.

Climate Change-  Currently, the effects of environmental pollution are being felt by all. According to a recent statistic, people in urban areas are more likely to have migraine symptoms than those in rural areas. So the environment is also being considered as a cause of migraines.

Changes in Various Chemicals in The Brain- Numerous chemicals play an important role in transmitting nerve stimuli from one nerve to another. When the amount of these chemicals changes for any reason (side effects of various drugs, alcohol, caffeine), the balance is lost.

Migraines can occur if the balance of these chemicals is lost.      

Common Symptoms 

An intense headache on 1 side of the head is The main symptom of migraine. This headache pain starts from any part of the head. Later the pain spread to the whole head. There may be a feeling of pain behind the eyes.

Additional Symptoms 

  •  Increased sensitivity to light and sound
  •  A blind spot or partial loss of vision
  •  Depression, nausea, and loss of appetite may occur for a short period of time
  •  Weakness, lack of concentration
  •  Discomfort, laziness, stiff neck, etc
  •  Mood becomes irritable
  •  Pulsing and throbbing head pain
  •  Loss of vision
  •  Feeling very hot or very cold

This Headache can last up to 72 hours. After a week you may feel very tired.

Home Remedies for Migraine Prevention

  •  Drinking fresh grapefruit juice can relieve migraine pain, However, do not mix the water with grape juice
  • Refrigerate a wet towel for 5-6 minutes and apply the cold towel over the head and eyes for a while to relieve the bad pain. 
  • Lying in a dark, quiet room and getting a head massage can also help relieve headaches. 
  • Make a paste by mixing a little water with sandalwood powder Apply the paste on the forehead. Remove it When it is dry, It will also relieve migraine pain.

Some Foods Can Help Prevent Migraines

  • Magnesium-rich foods. Such as Dhemki pruned rice, potato and barley are headache resistant.
  • Various fruits, especially figs and dates help to relieve pain.
  • Green, orange, yellow, and vegetables are beneficial to play regularly.
  • Calcium and Vitamin D help prevent migraines. Sesame, flour, and beets are rich in calcium.
  • Juice or Ginger pieces can be eaten twice a day by mixing the ginger powder with water.

Foods That Trigger Migraines

  • Chocolate, Excessive coffee, tea, and soft drinks, ice cream, yogurt, milk, butter, tomatoes, and pickles.
  • Wheat foods, like bread, pasta, etc.
  • Apples, peanuts, and bananas
  • Onion, Garlic, Citrus Fruits
  • Aged cheeses like- blue cheese, feta, parmesan
  • Red Wine, Yeast, Monosodium Glutamate
  • Cured meats like deli meats, ham, hot dogs, and sausages

Some Ways to Get Temporary Relief from Migraines

  • Migraine treatment with immediate and preventive medications as well as adherence to certain rules can reduce the problem.
  • Limit your intake of caffeine. You need to sleep at a certain time every day and it should be moderate.
  • Do not work in excess or low light.
  • limiting the amount of time to stay in direct sunlight or you’re looking at bright lights, which can both cause sensory migraines
  • Do not stay in a noisy and loud environment for long.
  • Do not stay in front of the TV and a computer monitor for a long time.
  • Try to do meditation, mindfulness, or yoga to reduce stress in your daily life.
  • Try an elimination diet to help you identify any food allergies or intolerances that may be headache triggers
  • If a migraine starts, you should drink plenty of water especially, if you are vomiting, rest, and put cold clothes on your head.


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