Wednesday , June 23 2021
Childhood ilIness

The 10 Most Common Childhood Illnesses and their Treatment

As a parent or caregiver, it can be easy to worry about your baby when he or she is sick. All of our children deserve high-quality medical care. As a parent, it is important to be aware of the most up-to-date treatment guidelines so that you can be sure that the best care is possible for your child. As a concerned parent or caregiver, you’ve probably managed enough ear infections, colds, and stomach bugs to feel like an expert. Here are ten other childhood illness you should know about:

1.Common Cold

The main cause of Colds is a virus and a very common childhood illness. Many young children—especially in child care—can get 6 to 8 colds per year. Cold-cough symptoms (including runny nose, congestion, and cough) can last up to ten days.  The green mucus in the nose does not automatically mean the need for antibiotics; the common cold does not require antibiotics. Your doctor is perfect to decide which antibiotics are best for your child, based on symptoms and physical examination if it is a sinus infection suspected.

2.Influenza

The flu comes on harsh and fast: up to 103℉  up a fever, body aches and chills, a headache, sore throat, cough, and sometimes also vomiting and diarrhea. It is a winter childhood illness that lasts for more than a week and can lead to dangerous complications, including pneumonia. Thankfully, you can greatly reduce your child’s risk to prescribe an annual flu vaccine, that can be given as a shot or, for kids over 2, as a nasal spray. The vaccine is not foolproof, but if she gets influenza despite being vaccinated, her symptoms should be far less severe, points out Dr. Hirschenfang. If you suspect that your child has this childhood illness, make an appointment with your pediatrician right now. She advised him to give her antiviral drugs like Tamiflu which could help speed up her recovery. Get the vaccine soon, it takes two weeks to kick in fully.

3.RSV

Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is an infection of the lungs and airways. It is not usually serious, but if your child is under 2 years of age or has heart or lung disease or a weakened immune system, it can cause inflame the lungs and cause pneumonia.”This is the most common viral respiratory infection that causes hospitalization in children,” says Kathryn M. Edwards, MD, director of the Vanderbilt Vaccine Research Program.

Symptoms:

  • Cold-like signs such as a runny nose, nasal congestion, and cough
  • Irritability and breathing problems in infants

Discuss to your doctor the ways to ease your child’s symptoms. A drug called palivizumab(Synagis) a drug can be used to prevent RSV in high-risk children.

4.Cough

Coughs are causes viruses and do not often require antibiotics to get rid of cough. Doctors do not recommend it for children 4 years of age and younger, or for children 4 to 6 years of age without consulting your doctor. Studies have consistently shown that cough medicines do not work in the 4-year-old and younger age groups and are also more likely to have serious side effects. Drugs such as codeine Including cough medicines should not be used in children.

5.Diarrhea and Vomiting

Diarrhea and nausea are common in children but it is still not easy to get rid of them. One thing is for sure: when your child has diarrhea, you know it now. Unlike the occasional loose stool, diarrhea is more watery, thicker, and has a stronger odor than the everyday dirty diaper

The nausea is the same. You will notice that when he vomits, he’s more strained and distressed. Spitting up usually doesn’t bother most children, but nausea will take its toll on him. Diarrhea and vomiting can because by bacterial infections, viral infections, food poisoning, or food allergies, or sensitivities.

Always check with your pediatrician to see if your child has diarrhea or vomiting, but keep an eye out for these symptoms of dehydration that can cause diarrhea or vomiting:

  • Dark yellow urine
  • Sunken eyes
  • Lethargy
  • Dry mouth

6.Skin Infection

While most children have skin infections, a skin test (culture or swab) may be needed to determine the most appropriate treatment. If your child has a history of MRSA, staph infection, or other resistant bacteria, or if he or she has been exposed to other family members or contacts with resistant bacteria then tell your doctor.

7.Bronchitis

Chronic bronchitis is more common in large, more central airway infections of the lungs and is more common in adults. Very often the term “bronchitis” is used to describe a virus in the chest and does not require antibiotics.

8.Ear pain

Ear pain is a common childhood illness in children and It has many causes including ear infections (otitis media), swimming ear (skin infection in the ear canal), pressure from a cold or sinus infection, toothache spreading to the jaw near the ear -, and others. Your pediatrician needs to examine your child’s ear to tell the difference or actual cause. In fact, an office exam is still the best way to make an accurate diagnosis of your pediatrician. If your child’s ear pain is accompanied by a high fever, both ears are involved, or your child has other signs of illness, your pediatrician may decide that antibiotics are the best treatment.

Many ear infections are caused by viruses and no need for antibiotics to get rid of them. If your pediatrician suspects your child’s ear infection may be from a virus, he or she will talk with you about the best ways to get rid of your child’s ear pain until the virus runs its course.

9.Diaper Rash

One of the most common childhood conditions is diaper rash. Thanks, it is not a serious condition and it is very easy to treat. There are three common causes of diaper rash: infection, irritation, or allergies. If your baby stays in wet diapers for a long time, the infection can spread to the diaper area. Diapers contain a substance that is designed to prevent them from leaking, but unfortunately, it can also trap moisture, allowing bacteria or fungi to grow. Your baby’s skin can be irritated by diapers rubbing against his skin, which can cause rashes. Finally, food allergies can cause a reaction that results in irritation or rash in the diaper area.

10.Strep Throat

The baby who has an older sibling, young children are most likely to be infected with Streptococcus bacteria. Although the strip is mainly spread through coughing and sneezing, your child can get it by touching a toy and playing with an infected child. The classic symptom is a sore throat that can be so severe that it can cause swallowing or even difficulty speaking. He can develop a fever, swollen lymph nodes, and abdominal pain. See a doctor if you suspect your child has had strep.

When to Call the Doctor

Most childhood illnesses run their course without any big worries. However, for some of the signs (and the kids) a warrant for the advice they can give to your pediatrician. Watch for:

Not eating. It is more normal for a sick kid to have very little interest in food. However, if your child has been eating or drinking less than half of the usual food for two days or more, contact your doctor.

High fever: In the case of newborns any elevated temperature warrants a call.

For infants 3 to 6 months old, phone if the fever hits 101℉; for older babies and children, the threshold is 103℉.

Dehydration: Your child’s eyes may be sunken (or, if he’s a baby, a sunken fontanel, or soft spot on his head) or seem extremely lethargic, or his face may be sticky or light to the touch. Be careful if he urinates less than three or four times a day.

Breathing difficulty: Call the doctor right away if your child is wheezing, his breathing is faster or labored, or you notice long pauses between each breath.

Preexisting conditions: If your child has diagnosed with asthma, diabetes, a suppressed immune system, or any other chronic medical condition, talk to your pediatrician every time he or she is infected with a virus that may compromise his or her health.

Please discuss with your pediatrician if you have any questions or concerns about the proper care of your child.

If your child is sick or feels this type of childhood illness, it may be alluring to go to the clinic for hours, your pediatrician knows your child best, your child has a medical record, and is the best place to start for counseling. Ask your pediatrician how he or she like to give you time when the office is closed.

Know more: What are the 4 Levels Of Happiness According to Aristotle.

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